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Milko Youroukov

Christian-Muslim dialogue in 'Encuentro Islamo Cristiano' and the later publications of Darek Nyumba: An analysis and evaluation

Catholic University of America
Degree: PhD
Date: 2000 ; 392 pages
ISBN: 0-599-94094-8


Interreligious dialogue, frequently theorized, is seldom investigated in practice. This study offers an analysis of Christian-Muslim encounters (1972-97) reflected in the publications of a center for Spanish-Arabic investigations, located in Madrid. The analysis of these encounters illustrates their evolution from Christian monologues to Christian-Muslim dialogues. As an explanatory hermeneutics, the study applies Panikkar's dialogical method (Intrareligious Dialogue) as well as that of Lonergan ( Method in Theology). The study is organized in three parts: the first part introducing the context of Christian-Muslim encounters in Spain, the second and third parts analyzing the encounters in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990's. This study's primary observation is that encounters of the 1970's do not develop into genuine dialogue because of inequalities in the "levels of meaning" in which the respective discourses occurred.

Drawing upon Lonergan, the analysis demonstrates that the Muslim participants did not show signs of the modern thematization of the realm of interiority, but of a pre-critical one, expressed through the Islamic poetic and mystical discourses. Conversely, Christians emphasized the importance of historicity and hermeneutics by employing Western post-industrial thematization of interiority. In their effort Christians stood alone. By radically distinguishing between the Qur'an and the Bible, Muslim scholars were unwilling in the 1970's to discuss issues of historicity and contextualization, focusing, instead, upon mutually exclusive religious texts concerning matters of belief. Such an approach would not allow discussions to transcend the usual exclusivist-inclusivist models of conversation and establish a genuine dialogue. The analysis indicates that in the 1980's and 1990's certain Muslim participants opened toward a genuine dialogue. The creation of an independent group of Muslims and Christians in 1983 marked the point at which prior Christian monologue gradually ceded to a discussion shared equally by the group. Becoming increasingly aware of the gap between revelation as perceived in its initial instant and revelation as culturally and verbally consolidated in a subsequent historical period, some Muslims focused upon the subject-recipient of revelation. Demonstrating an internal struggle with hermeneutical problems similar to those that have troubled Christians for centuries, some Muslims recognized necessary plural interpretations of the Qur'an. This recognition facilitated authentic Christian-Muslim dialogue.

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